Jean Monnet’s Proposal for the European Integration Process in the 1950s

Following the end of the Second World War, Europe saw numerous attempts of regional integration. While many initiatives remained at the intergovernmental level or simply failed, the Schuman Plan prevailed, adequately addressing the age-long Franco-German problem and paving a new platform for lasting prosperity and peace of Europe. The motivations for this European integration effort... Continue Reading →

Fundamental Rights in the EU

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union clearly states that the EU is founded upon the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights. The EU institutions abide by these values in every action, and the Member States are expected to do the same... Continue Reading →

Market Power Europe vs Normative Power Europe

Given the European Union’s unique historical background and institutional characteristics, as well as the size of its internal market, several theories have been developed to explain the externalisation of EU internal interests. These include normative power, trade power, ethical power, civilian power, and hard power. This essay considers two of the theories—normative power Europe and... Continue Reading →

Cohesion Policy in ASEAN?

Representing over a third of the total budget, the European Union’s cohesion policy is a crucial instrument in narrowing the social and economic disparity between wealthy and less developed member states. Majority of the spending goes into promoting employment, education, and the ease of business in more needed parts of the Union. While net payers,... Continue Reading →

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