How the EU-Korea FTA Impacts Korea’s Agriculture and Labour

Many of the European problems essentially boil down to the conflict between intergovernmentalism (the member states wanting to maintain their sovereignty) and supranationalism (the EU’s tendency towards a higher level of political integration). Churchill’s big-bang approach for a United States of Europe failed, and Monnet’s proposal for a limited economic integration prevailed instead. The Constitutional... Continue Reading →

The EU Needs to Revitalise the Global Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Sustainability is the most imminent and urgent issue faced by the EU. Recognising the progress EU has shown towards sustainable development and challenges thereof, this essay considers the importance of global partnerships, particularly multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSP) and policy coherence for development (PCD). Lessons from Millennium Development Goals Throughout human history, the powerful used development as... Continue Reading →

Market Power Europe vs Normative Power Europe

Given the European Union’s unique historical background and institutional characteristics, as well as the size of its internal market, several theories have been developed to explain the externalisation of EU internal interests. These include normative power, trade power, ethical power, civilian power, and hard power. This essay considers two of the theories—normative power Europe and... Continue Reading →

What Types of Power Does the EU Have?

Power is an abstract idea that exists in a relational context. In essence, it refers to the ability for state X to influence state Y to behave in a specific way, which would not happen otherwise. Traditionally, scholars have talked of soft power and hard power, referring to civilian power and military power. This concept... Continue Reading →

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